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The capital of Greece, which is home to over 650.000 inhabitants and more than 3.5 million in the Attica Metropolitan Region, is one of the most important hubs in the Eastern Mediterranean. Thanks to its frequented airport with more than 22 million passengers and the seaport of Piraeus as one of the largest Mediterranean ports, Athens is a commercial and touristic centre for two millennia. Even though heritage creates significant challenges for the construction of underground transportation systems, the city administration managed to expand its network to three metro lines of around 90km in total. Nevertheless, a significant of trips are done by passenger cars or motorcycles. In combination with a substantial amount of commuter traffic, the city has significant congestion challenges.


Greece had to mourn 30.3 urban road fatalities per 1 million in 2020, which accumulates to a total of around 320 fatalities in the Hellenic Republic. Its capital Athens is the 18-most congested city in Europe, ranked according to the TomTom congestion parameters. Thus, 85h per year are lost on average due to congestion, which also has an impact on the stress level of the average driver. In order to calm traffic, 30km/h speed limits are a considered solution. Additionally, the city administration aims to set up bicycle roads within the existing road network (mixed traffic, bike/bus lanes). Both measures are planned to be executed without infrastructure changes. Furthermore, ‘soft engineering‘ measures, such as low-emission zones or congestion charging are potential solutions that are being considered to reduce the negative externalities of passenger vehicles in the urban area of the Greek capital.


The focus of the Athens pilot is the road safety of vulnerable road users (VRUs). In order to measure it, profiles and example travel patterns are defined. In a second step, an analysis will place critical emphasis on VRU KPIs, such as speed measurements and modal share of pedestrians, cyclists and similar modes, such as e-scooters. Different parameters will be taken into consideration, such as disability rate, gender or age. Scenarios will also be created for different times of the day, such as day- or night time, as well as during peak or off-peak hours.
The scope of the pilot will mostly focus on the potential infrastructure interventions that are being executed by ‘Athens Anaplasis’, which is the responsible stakeholder for the implementation process of designed interventions. The aim is to incorporate the project result into the planning of future road infrastructure works.